• 8th Grade Vocabulary

    Unit 1: Ensemble Building

    Drama: To do or to act; the art form of live theatre performed for an audience.

    Ensemble: (noun) The group before the individual; a team that has each other's backs.

    Feedback: Sharing specific observations and giving clear suggestions to encourage improvement after viewing a performance.

    STRONG FEEDBACK...  

    Uses specific drama vocab and/or language from the Rubric.

    • Helps keep our feedback clear and specific. 
    • When we use terms that we’ve all learned together, our listener can immediately understand what you mean. 
    • It keeps us from saying vague, unhelpful things like “That was good,” or “I didn’t get it,” or “Nice job.” 

    Gives a clear suggestion for how to improve (even if listener is at “Exceeds”!)

    Shows strong desire for peer to feel supported and encouraged AND eagerness for peer to learn and improve.

     

    Dialogue: The words/sentences and actor speaks when it is their turn. Synonym: lines; WHAT A CHARACTER SAYS

    Stage Directions: The actions of the play written in the script; WHAT A CHARACTER DOES

     

    Unit 2: Intro. to Scripted Scenes

    Scene: A short narrative (story) that includes a specific relationship, setting, and conflict. Often within a larger work.

    Relationship: The specific way that characters are related or connected to each other (e.g. husband/wife, boss/employee, parent/child, best friends, coworkers, etc.)

    Setting: Where and when a scene takes place (city park, classroom, busy street, evening, etc.)

    Conflict: The problem in the scene, often caused by conflicting objectives

    Script: The text of a play or movie/show that gives actors lines to speak; it may also include notes about characters, setting, expression, and movement.

    Dialogue: The words/sentences and actor speaks when it is their turn. Synonym: lines.

    Pantomime: To communicate objects and actions by movement and gesture.

    Conflict: The problem in the scene, often caused by conflicting objectives

    Objective: What a character wants in a scene, what the character is fighting for

    Stakes: What the characters have to lose, what makes the scene more urgent or important for the characters.

    Tactics: The strategies someone uses (the actions you take or the words you use) to achieve an objective

    Projection: Using strong voice clarity (volume and enunciation) and an open body to make performance easily accessible to an audience

    Cheat Out/Open Up: This is simply a request made for the actor to face more toward the audience. (Although it is natural for people to face each other in real life, onstage the actor needs to make sure the audience can see and hear him/her.)

    Diaphragm: A large, flat muscle that separates the lungs from the stomach area and plays a major role in breathing and aids in volume

    Enunciation: slowly and carefully articulating speech to be easily understood; synonym is articulation

    Set/Scenery: Large pieces (furniture, objects, walls, etc.) used to help the audience see the scene’s SETTING; sets/scenery should include more than one LEVEL for actors to explore.

    Levels: Surfaces at different HEIGHTS for actors to stand/sit/lie/crouch/kneel on.

    Sets with more levels look more INTERESTING and give actors more creative CHOICES for movement.

    SHORTER levels should be closer to the audience; TALLER levels should be farther away from the audience.

    Blocking: Where your character MOVES on the STAGE during the scene.

    Areas of the Stage/Stage Directions:

    Areas of the Stage