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    Grade Level Standards

    Kindergarten

    East Maine School District 63

    Kindergarten Standards

    August 2014 1

    English Language Arts

    Reading Standards for Literature

    Key Ideas and Details  With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

     With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

     With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

    Craft and Structure  Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

     Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).

     With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the

    role of each in telling the story.

    Integration of Knowledge

    and Ideas

     With prompting and support, describe the connection between pictures or other

    illustrations and the overall story in which they appear.

     (Not applicable to literature )

     With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of

    characters in familiar stories.

    Range of Reading and

    Level of Text Complexity

     Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

    Reading Standards for Informational Text

    Key Ideas and Details  With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

     With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

     With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events,

    ideas, or pieces of information in a text

    Craft and Structure  With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

     Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a boo

     Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the

    ideas or information in a text.

    Integration of Knowledge

    and Ideas

     With prompting and support, describe the connection between pictures or other

    illustrations and the overall text in which they appear.

     With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a

    text.

     With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two

    texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

    Range of Reading and Level

    of Text Complexity

     Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

    Foundational Skills

    Print Concepts  Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

    o Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page‐by‐page.

    o Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific

    sequences of letters.

    o Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.

    o Recognize and name all upper‐ and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

    Phonological Awareness  Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

    o Recognize and produce rhyming words.

    o Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.

    o Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single‐syllable spoken words.

    o Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in threephoneme

    (CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

    o Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one‐syllable words to make

    new words.

    Kindergarten Standards

    August 2014 2

    Foundational Skills

    Phonics and Word

    Recognition

     Know and apply grade‐level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

    o Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter‐sound correspondences by producing the

    primary or most frequent sound for each consonant.

    o Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the

    five major vowels.

    o Read common high‐frequency words by sight. (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are,

    do, does).

    o Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters

    that differ.

     Read emergent‐reader texts with purpose and understanding.

    Speaking and Listening

    Comprehension and

    Collaboration

     Participate in collaborative conversations about kindergarten topics and texts with peers

    and adults in small and larger groups.

    o Follow agreed‐upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns

    speaking about the topics and texts under discussion).

    o Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.

     Confirm understanding of written texts read aloud or information presented orally or

    through media by asking and answering questions about key details.

     Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that

    is not understood.

    Presentation of Knowledge

    and Ideas

     Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support,

    provide additional detail

     Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional

    detail

     Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.

    Writing Standards

    Text Types and Purposes  Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which

    they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an

    opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is . . .).

     Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative/explanatory

    texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about

    the topic.

     Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several

    loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and

    provide a reaction to what happened.

    Production and

    Distribution of Writing

     With guidance and support from adults, respond to questions and suggestions from peers

    and add details to strengthen writing as needed.

     With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and

    publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.

    Research to Build and

    Present Knowledge

     Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a

    favorite author and express opinions about them).

     With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather

    information from provided sources to answer a question.

    Range of Writing  Begins in grade 3

    Kindergarten Standards

    August 2014 3

    Language Standards

    Conventions  Observe conventions of grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

    o Print many upper‐ and lowercase letters.

    o Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.

    o Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).

    o Understand and use question words (interrogatives) (e.g., who, what, where, when,

    why, how).

    o Use the most frequently occurring prepositions (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of,

    by, with).

    o Produce and expand complete sentences in shared language activities.

     Observe conventions of capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

    o Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I.

    o Recognize and name end punctuation.

    o Write a letter or letters for most consonant and short‐vowel sounds (phonemes).

    o Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound‐letter relationships.

    Effective Language Use  Begins in grade 3

    Vocabulary Acquisition and

    Usage

     Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple‐meaning words and phrases

    based on kindergarten reading and content.

    o Identify new meanings for familiar words and apply them accurately (e.g., knowing

    duck as a bird and learning the verb to duck).

    o Use the most frequently occurring inflections and affixes (e.g., ‐ed, ‐s, re‐, un‐, pre‐, ‐

    ful, ‐less) as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word.

     With guidance and support from adults, explore word relationships and nuances in word

    meanings.

    o Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the

    concepts the categories represent.

    o Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating

    them to their opposites (antonyms).

    o Identify real‐life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school

    that are colorful).

    o Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs describing the same general action (e.g.,

    walk, march, strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.

     Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and

    responding to texts.

    Kindergarten Standards

    August 2014 4

    Math

    Counting and Cardinality

    Know number names and

    the count sequence

     Count to 100 by ones and by tens.

     Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of

    having to begin at 1).

     Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0‐

    20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).

    Count to tell the number of

    objects

     Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to

    cardinality.

    o When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each

    object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and

    only one object.

    o Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted.

    The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in

    which they were counted.

    o Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one

    larger.

     Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line,

    a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration;

    given a number from 1–20, count out that many objects.

    Compare numbers  Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal

    to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting

    strategies (include groups with up to ten objects).

     Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.

    Operations and Algebraic Thinking

    Understand addition as

    putting together and

    adding to, and understand

    subtraction as taking apart

    and taking from

     Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings

    (Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem.

    (This applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.)), sounds (e.g., claps),

    acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations.

     Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by

    using objects or drawings to represent the problem.

     Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by

    using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation

    (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1).

     For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given

    number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or

    equation.

     Fluently add and subtract within 5.

    Number and Operations in Base Ten

    Work with numbers 11‐19

    to gain foundations for

    place value

     Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones,

    e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a

    drawing or equation (e.g., 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of

    ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.

    Kindergarten Standards

    August 2014 5

    Measurement and Data

    Describe and compare

    measurable attributes

     Describe measurable attributes of objects, such as length or weight. Describe several

    measurable attributes of a single object.

     Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which

    object has “more of”/“less of” the attribute, and describe the difference. For example,

    directly compare the heights of two children and describe one child as taller/shorter.

    Classify objects and count

    the number of objects in

    each category

     Classify objects into given categories; count the numbers of objects in each category and

    sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.)

    Geometry

    Identify and describe

    shapes (squares, circles,

    triangles, rectangles,

    hexagons, cubes, cones,

    cylinders, and spheres)

     Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative

    positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind,

    and next to.

     Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size.

     Identify shapes as two‐dimensional (lying in a plane, “flat”) or three‐dimensional

    (“solid”).

    Analyze, compare, create,

    and compose shapes

     Analyze and compare two‐ and three‐dimensional shapes, in different sizes and

    orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts

    (e.g., number of sides and vertices/“corners”) and other attributes (e.g., having sides of

    equal length).

     Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay

    balls) and drawing shapes.

     Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. For example, “Can you join these two

    triangles with full sides touching to make a rectangle?”

    Science and Health

    Science

     Plan and conduct an investigation to compare the effects of different strengths or different directions of pushes

    and pulls on the motion of an object.

     Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface.

     Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.

     Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time.

     Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in

    the local environment.

     Ask questions, make observations, and gather information about a situation people want to change to define a

    simple problem that can be solved through the development of a new or improved object or tool.

     Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as

    needed to solve a given problem.

     Analyze data from tests of two objects designed to solve the same problem to compare the strengths and

    weaknesses of how each performs.

    Health

    Kindergarten Standards

    August 2014 6

     Identify general signs/symptoms of illness, (e.g., sneezing, coughing)

     Identify methods of health promotion and illness prevention, (e.g., hand‐washing, brushing and flossing teeth,

    eating practices, sleep, cleanliness)

     Identify dangerous situations and safety methods to reduce risks, (e.g., traffic, improper use of medicine and

    poisons, strangers)

     Identify foods that contribute to good health

     Learn and follow rules for bus and playground safety

     Identify basic parts of the body and their location, (e.g., ankles, knees, fingers, elbows, shoulders, neck, toes)

     Describe ways people grow and change

     Observe and describe how people are alike and different

     Explore and identify the five senses

    Social Studies

    Political, Economic, and Social Systems

     Identify concepts of responsible citizenship including respect for the law, patriotism, civility and working with

    others.

     Describe how individuals interacted within groups to make choices regarding food, clothing, and shelter.

    History

     Explain the difference between past, present and future time; place themselves in time

     Explain why individuals, groups, issues and events are celebrated with local, state or national holidays or days of

    recognition (e.g., Lincoln’s Birthday, Martin Luther King’s Birthday, Pulaski Day, Fourth of July, Memorial Day,

    Labor Day, Veterans’ Day, Thanksgiving).

    Geography

     Identify the characteristics and purposes of geographic representations including maps, globes, graphs,

    photographs, software, digital images and be able to locate specific places using each.